Overgrown plants can be severely pruned but avoid cutting into oldest stems. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA. Cytisus scoparius and Genista monspessulana in Element Stewardship Abstracts. Scotch broom is notable for its showy yellow, pea-like flowers and its bunches of unusual, angular stems. Scotch broom invades dry hillsides, pastures, forest clearings, dry scrublands, dry riverbeds, and waterways. It can be weedy and rapidly grow to crowd out native plants. Scopar’ius means “broomlike”. Bright yellow flowers in leaf axils. Scotch broom is an upright perennial shrub, which grows 3-12 feet tall, with slender sharply angled greenish brown branches. Initially, the Scotch broom was imported into North America as an ornamental shrub, due to its eye-catching yellow flowers. Scotch broom is a bushy, drought-deciduous shrub that grows three to six feet tall. 1 in. Very few leaves on stems. HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! The weeping, arching stems of the Scotch Broom shrub are covered in delicate, fine leaves, which burst into a spectacular spring show of brilliant golden yellow blooms. Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius) French broom (Genista monspessulana) Spanish broom (Spartium junceum) Portuguese broom (Cytisus striatus) Stems: 5-sided; star-shaped cross section Leaves: compound, 3 leaflets, deciduous, sometimes single on new twigs Scotch broom, Cytisus scoparius, also known as Scots broom, is an attractive but invasive plant. Replace the debris with fresh mulch. Alternate, trifoliate, bright to medium green leaves; non-showy fall color. Public and private landowners are not generally required to control infestations of Scotch broom that occur on their property in King County, Washington. in Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. It was added to the state list in 2013. Plentiful across Europe, Scotch broom is a shrub that bears wonderful flushes of yellow blooms in Spring. Flat, hairy seedpods are initially green, turning brown or black with maturity. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Facts. Scotch broom is a deciduous shrub that can be found on the edges of wooded areas and in open fields. Habit and Form native to central and southern Europe; hardy to zone 5, performs better from zone 6; Special Note: This species has demonstrated an invasive tendency in Connecticut, meaning it may escape from cultivation and naturalize in minimally managed areas. Prepared by Kelly Reeves, Southern Colorado Plateau Network Inventory and Monitoring Program, 2010. Blooms in late spring to early summer; cultivated for floral state which lasts 1-2 weeks, otherwise looks like dead, arching twigs; leaves usually gone by mid-June; stem more grooved and twisted than C. X praecox and usually blooms later and is usually a larger plant; there are also pink and crimson cultivars. It is an aggressively invasive plant that will grow thickly rather quickly. Key facts for Scotch broom. Rockport, MA. Scotch broom can be confused with French broom (Genista monspessulana), Portuguese broom (Cystisus striatus), and common gorse (Ulex europaeus). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It displaces native and beneficial plants, causing loss of grassland and open forest. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Scotch broom is an evergreen shrub, with bright yellow, pea-like flowers that may have red markings in the middle. Common gorse also has bright yellow flowers, but it is spiny and has small, hairy seedpods. Bloom Time: Spring to Early Summer: Design Ideas: This Broom is ideal for a visual screen that allows plenty of light penetration. Available at: http://www.imapinvasives.org/GIST/ESA/esapages/ documnts/cytisco.pdf (accessed 24 March 2010). French broom has pods with hairs all over and stems that are not ridged or green. Scotch broom is an invasive (non-native) perennial plant introduced to Oregon from Europe. It has stiff, dark green branches, which grow more or less erect, and often have few leaves. California plant names: Latin and Greek meanings and derivations. Slender, green, ridged and twisted; older stems brownish. Each flower is usually located in the space between the leaf stem and the branch. These plants can be found all over the world today. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – … Slender 4-angled grass-green erect stems. It has compound leaves with three, egg-shaped leaflets 1/2-1 inch long, which are dark green above and pale and hairy below. Invasive plants of California’s wildlands. Cy’tisus comes from the Greek word kutisus, which was the name for a kind of clover. Susceptible to leaf and stem blight. Spanish broom is so closely angled that it appears almost round. Average Size at Maturity: Moderate grower to 6 ft. tall and wide. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Scotch broom, also known as common broom, is deciduous shrub that belongs to the pea family. The stems are darks green with a woody texture. Leaves are green and small, usually lanceolate. Stem shape separates the broom shrub varieties. Annuals. Scotch broom was also used for a variety of other purposes, such as flavoring beer with a bitter taste, making a diuretic from an infusion of the leaves, and tanning leather. That grow above the ground are used as medicine through the early 1900s, broom... The two main species that share the common broom, also known as Scots broom, is brownish-black! Pretty, yellow wildflower similar to gorse dry, sandy soil, exposed to direct sunlight, in with... Soil, exposed to direct sunlight a day ) is hardy to zone ( UK 5! 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